The Resource Eyewitness to genocide : the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966, Michael S. Bryant, (electronic resource)

Eyewitness to genocide : the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966, Michael S. Bryant, (electronic resource)

Label
Eyewitness to genocide : the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966
Title
Eyewitness to genocide
Title remainder
the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966
Statement of responsibility
Michael S. Bryant
Creator
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
One of the deadliest phases of the Holocaust, the Nazi regime's "Operation Reinhard" produced three major death camps--Belzec, Treblinka, and Sobibor--which claimed the lives of 1.8 million Jews. In the 1960s, a small measure of justice came for those victims when a score of defendants who had been officers and guards at the camps were convicted of war crimes in West German courts. The conviction rates varied, however. While all but one of fourteen Treblinka defendants were convicted, half of the twelve Sobibor defendants escaped punishment, and only one of eight Belzec defendants was convicted. Also, despite the enormity of the crimes, the sentences were light in many cases, amounting to only a few years in prison. In this meticulous history of the Operation Reinhard trials, Michael S. Bryant examines a disturbing question: Did compromised jurists engineer acquittals or lenient punishments for proven killers? Drawing on rarely studied archival sources, Bryant concludes that the trial judges acted in good faith within the bounds of West German law. The key to successful prosecutions was eyewitness testimony. At Belzec, the near-total efficiency of the Nazi death machine meant that only one survivor could be found to testify. At Treblinka and Sobibor, however, prisoner revolts had resulted in a number of survivors who could give firsthand accounts of specific atrocities and identify participants. The courts, Bryant finds, treated these witnesses with respect and even made allowances for conflicting testimony. And when handing down sentences, the judges acted in accordance with strict legal definitions of perpetration, complicity, and action under duress. Yet, despite these findings, Bryant also shows that West German legal culture was hardly blameless during the postwar era. Though ready to convict the mostly workingclass personnel of the death camps, the Federal Republic followed policies that insulated the judicial elite from accountability for its own role in the Final Solution. While trial records show that the "bias" of West German jurists was neither direct nor personal, the structure of the system ensured that lawyers and judges themselves avoided judgment
Member of
Cataloging source
VALIL
Dewey number
940.53/18
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
index present
LC call number
D804.G4
LC item number
B769 2014eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
Series statement
Legacies of war
Eyewitness to genocide : the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966, Michael S. Bryant, (electronic resource)
Label
Eyewitness to genocide : the Operation Reinhard death camp trials, 1955-1966, Michael S. Bryant, (electronic resource)
Link
https://tulsalibrary.freading.com/ebooks/details/r:download/b3JnLmJpYmxpb3ZhdWx0Ljk3ODE2MjE5MDA3MDI=
Publication
Related Contributor
Related Location
Related Agents
Related Authorities
Related Subjects
Related Items
Antecedent source
unknown
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
A subject for jurisprudence: from the Ulm Einsatzgruppen trial to the creation of the Ludwigsburg central office, 1956-1960 -- The queen of the dead: the investigation and trial of the Belzec death camp -- Who killed the Jews? The Treblinka investigation and trial -- Murdering star: the Sobibor investigation and trial -- Handy-dandy justice: Nazi crimes and the self-absolution of the West German Judiciary
Control code
ocn883663767
http://library.link/vocab/cover_art
https://secure.syndetics.com/index.aspx?type=xw12&client=780-496-1833&isbn=9781621900702&upc=&oclc=/LC.JPG
Dimensions
unknown
http://library.link/vocab/discovery_link
{'ALL_BRANCHES': 'https://tccl.bibliocommons.com/item/show/3099115063'}
Extent
1 online resource (xii, 312 pages)
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781621900702
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
c
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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